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Richard II: Chaucer & Emerging Englishness (1377-1400)

In the last decades of the 14th century, during the reign of Richard II, military, political and literary shifts contributed to a rising sense of what it meant to be English -- and just how secure…

From  Ann Nikolai on May 4th, 2020 0 likes 16 plays 0  

The Barons' Wars (1215-1266)

Magna Carta, signed by King John in 1215, did not settle the disputes between the monarch and his barons. John's son, Henry III, reigned for more than 50 turbulent years in which the barons…

From  Ann Nikolai on April 23rd, 2020 0 likes 13 plays 0  

Will - Session 8

It was a time of radical change, a time of violence. England was under siege, internally and externally, by foreign adversaries. Being on the wrong side, politically or religiously, could result in…

From  Michele Desmond on April 22nd, 2020 0 likes 13 plays 0  

First Battle of St Albans (1455 to 1460), No. 4

Henry V, hero of Agincourt (1415), died in 1422 leaving his 9-month old son heir to the crown. After decades of war with France, England's economic and political turmoil came to a head. Magnates…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 31st, 2020 0 likes 31 plays 0  

First Maneuvers (1444 - 1455) , No. 3

A number of arguments arise between the soon-to-be warring parties, particularly over losses in France, which were overseen by Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, while Richard, 3rd Duke of York fumed…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 30th, 2020 0 likes 33 plays 0  

Edward III and his Legacies, No. 2

Henry V, hero of Agincourt (1415), died in 1422 leaving his 9-month old son heir to the crown. After decades of war with France, England's economic and political turmoil came to a head. Magnates…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 29th, 2020 0 likes 59 plays 0  

The Wars of the Roses: Aftermath and Historical Perspectives, No. 11

Henry V, hero of Agincourt (1415), died in 1422 leaving his 9-month old son heir to the crown. After decades of war with France, England's economic and political turmoil came to a head. Magnates…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 26th, 2020 0 likes 35 plays 0  

Henry VII's Early Reign (1485-1500) (Session 10)

In this episode, Henry VII mops up the remains of Yorkist opposition and establishes his rule using marriage, murder and money management.

From  Ann Nikolai on March 23rd, 2020 0 likes 31 plays 0  

The Wars of the Roses_ Reign of Richard III (Session 9)

This episode: Richard III becomes king under interesting circumstances. His reign doesn't last long, and ends in the Battle of Bosworth Field, marking the end of the Plantagenet dynasty and…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 19th, 2020 0 likes 37 plays 0  

The Wars of the Roses: Deaths of Last Lancastrians (1471) (Session 8)

This episode: Edward IV consolidates his position as king by overcoming Warwick and the Lancastrians in two battles.Course overview: Henry V, hero of Agincourt (1415), died in 1422 leaving his…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 19th, 2020 0 likes 40 plays 0  

The Wars of the Roses: Edward IV Becomes King (1461-1470) (Session 7)

This episode: Edward IV becomes the king after defeating the Lancastrians in a few key battles. His surprising marriage to Elizabeth Woodville upsets Warwick the Kingmaker's tidy arrangements…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 19th, 2020 0 likes 62 plays 0  

The Wars of the Roses: Readeption (1470-1471) (Session 6)

This episode: Don't blink or you'll miss Henry VI's reassumption of the throne. Plus some character descriptions of key players and a chance to imagine yourself in London, 1471, and…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 18th, 2020 0 likes 34 plays 0  

The Wars of the Roses: Battles 1455-1461 (Session 5)

Henry V, hero of Agincourt (1415), died in 1422 leaving his 9-month old son heir to the crown. After decades of war with France, England's economic and political turmoil came to a head.…

From  Ann Nikolai on March 14th, 2020 0 likes 299 plays 0